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SAT备考 | SAT文法知识点第8期

2021-06-28     编辑 :    

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  一、代词  (四)关联代词  1. 型号规格说明:  主从句中引导目的从句的有关代词,充当连接方式主从句目的,并且做好肯定的好句子有效成分。  2. 用途:  (1)who代指人,作主语。  列如 :  Tom is a student who studies SAT.(who泛指主句的a student,在从句中作主语。)  (2)whose代指人,啥意思是“谁的”,相同于描述一个人词,后加动词共同作主语。  随后:  There are two books. Whose book is this?(whose+book作从句的主语。)  (3)whom称为人,作宾语。  列举:  The company hired two graduates, both of whom are from China.(both of whom称为graduates,whom在介词of在这之后,在从句中作宾语。)  (4)which泛指物,作主语。  举例子:  Qingdao is the place which has issued a red rainstorm warning.(which代指主句的the place,在从句中作主语。)  (5)that代指人或物,作主语或宾语。  列如 :  Mary bought a hat that is fashionable.(that称为主句的a hat,在从句中作主语)  考试真题的验测  托福测量1  (2021-03AS-Q29) Changes in air temperature caused wind pattern to shift, that shift in turn triggered a process known as upwelling.  A. NO CHANGE  B. this  C. which  D. DELETE the underlined portion.  解答:能够that等按钮听出是有关代词的考试点,选择which代指物和that前没加单引号的游戏规则,的同时this和DELETE按钮短语空间结构不完成。以至于说查出A/B/D八个按钮,以至于说选C。  注:2021-03AS-Q29为202半年12月亚太国际历年试题29题。  考试真题的判断2  (2016-05NA-Q4) The plastic harden quickly, it allows the printer to build the layers of the final model  A. NO CHANGE  B. this  C. which  D. that  详细分析:按照that等应用设置判断是联系代词的考试点,不同which称为物和that前不加以句号的规定,同一时间this和it应用设置短语型式不完正。以排除故障A/B/D六个应用设置,以选C。  注:2016-05NA-Q4为202010年的5月北美洲历年真题4题。  历年试题加测3  (2016-05NA-Q14) These political machines were able to pack legislatures and courts with hand-picked supporters by purchasing votes, a form of election fraud involving the exchange of money or favors for votes.  A. NO CHANGE  B. votes, being  C. votes, that is  D. votes, which it is  分析:经由that等高级设置查出来是感情代词的知识点,原稿单引号末尾方面为释义描述订票的这样的操作,那么不用办理加一点体现。B项being表达啰嗦,C项that前没办法加单引号,而D项的it富余,那么排出B/C/D六个高级设置,那么选A。  注:2016-05NA-Q14为20十五年介绍亚洲题库14题。  考试真题检侧4  (2016-11AS-Q13) Contrary to the traditional view of evolution, holding that evolution stops in an unchanging environment, Lenski had predicted that the bacteria would evolve, or mutate, over time.  A. NO CHANGE  B. which holds  C. this holds  D. it holds  讲解:经由that等界面发现是密切关系代词的考试点,holding that evolution复制到语位置是表达traditional view of evolution,因此 用定语从句愈加靠谱,A项holding英语语法上也可以是Lenski散发,句意严重失败;C和D项是run-on严重失败(即分号不可重新联接5个人格独立句),因此 排除故障A/C/D两个界面,因此 选B。  注:2016-11AS-Q13为17年110月泛太平洋模拟试题13题。  题库检测工具5  (2017-01NA-Q16) The lion dance requires the strength, grace, and coordination of two dancers, both of whom are almost completely hidden by the elaborate bamboo and papier-mache lion costume that they maneuver.  A. NO CHANGE  B. it  C. these  D. that  解析视频:经过that等选择查出来是关联代词的考场,both of whom特指two dancers,因此 用定语从句愈来愈适合的,B项的it、C项的these和D项的that都run-on不对,因此 查出B/C/D三种选择,因此 选A。  注:2017-01NA-Q16为2014年10月中美洲托福16题。


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