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SAT备考 | SAT文法知识点第8期

2021-06-28     编辑 :    

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  一、代词  (四)影响代词  1. 蕴意:  主从句中视情况加以引导从句的关联代词,具有接触主从句反应,做以千万的优美句子因素。  2. 用途:  (1)who代指人,作主语。  列如 :  Tom is a student who studies SAT.(who特指主句的a student,在从句中作主语。)  (2)whose称为人,意义是“谁的”,等于于描述词,后加代词一切作主语。  列举:  There are two books. Whose book is this?(whose+book作从句的主语。)  (3)whom泛指人,作宾语。  比如:  The company hired two graduates, both of whom are from China.(both of whom特指graduates,whom在介词of往后,在从句中作宾语。)  (4)which代指物,作主语。  列举:  Qingdao is the place which has issued a red rainstorm warning.(which泛指主句的the place,在从句中作主语。)  (5)that泛指人或物,作主语或宾语。  举个例子:  Mary bought a hat that is fashionable.(that代指主句的a hat,在从句中作主语)  原题检侧  历年试题测量1  (2021-03AS-Q29) Changes in air temperature caused wind pattern to shift, that shift in turn triggered a process known as upwelling.  A. NO CHANGE  B. this  C. which  D. DELETE the underlined portion.  详解:用that等按钮分辨出是的联系代词的考区,按照which代指物和that前没加句号的要求,时this和DELETE按钮文句空间结构不系统。以说清除A/B/D6个按钮,以说选C。  注:2021-03AS-Q29为202一年12月泛太平洋题库29题。  真题及答案检测工具2  (2016-05NA-Q4) The plastic harden quickly, it allows the printer to build the layers of the final model  A. NO CHANGE  B. this  C. which  D. that  分析:使用that等选择看出来是的联系代词的考场,依照which泛指物和that前要加句号的守则,一同this和it选择词语形式不完善。故清除A/B/D6个选择,故选C。  注:2016-05NA-Q4为2015年4月美洲真题及答案4题。  原题的检测3  (2016-05NA-Q14) These political machines were able to pack legislatures and courts with hand-picked supporters by purchasing votes, a form of election fraud involving the exchange of money or favors for votes.  A. NO CHANGE  B. votes, being  C. votes, that is  D. votes, which it is  解密:利用that等选择看出来是影响代词的知识点,原稿单引号后方信息为释疑证明买票的本身手段,故而不用再加什么突显。B项being表达啰嗦,C项that前不许加单引号,而D项的it不必要,故而查出B/C/D几个选择,故而选A。  注:2016-05NA-Q14为202007年6月亚洲历年试题14题。  真题及答案检则4  (2016-11AS-Q13) Contrary to the traditional view of evolution, holding that evolution stops in an unchanging environment, Lenski had predicted that the bacteria would evolve, or mutate, over time.  A. NO CHANGE  B. which holds  C. this holds  D. it holds  解析视频:依据that等界面卡发现是关系的代词的各考点,holding that evolution放进去语有些是绘制traditional view of evolution,故此用定语从句愈来愈适合的,A项holding语法学上也可以是Lenski产生,句意有误;C和D项是run-on有误(即单引号难以简单接入2个独自句),故此清除A/C/D这几个界面卡,故此选B。  注:2016-11AS-Q13为2020年1就在今年1月份泛太平洋试题13题。  托福测量5  (2017-01NA-Q16) The lion dance requires the strength, grace, and coordination of two dancers, both of whom are almost completely hidden by the elaborate bamboo and papier-mache lion costume that they maneuver.  A. NO CHANGE  B. it  C. these  D. that  辨析:根据that等页面设置确定是关心代词的知识点,both of whom代指two dancers,故而用定语从句更是为适于,B项的it、C项的these和D项的that都有run-on脚本错误,故而除掉B/C/D几个页面设置,故而选A。  注:2017-01NA-Q16为2014年一月份北美地区模拟试题16题。


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